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Commodity: Theobroma cacao
Scientific name: Theobroma cacao
Synonyms: Show Synonyms
Country: All countries
End use: All uses other than as animal foods, fertilisers or for growing purposes
Date printed: Aug 22 2014
The information here covers DAFF quarantine requirements only and is current on the date of transmission but may change without notice. DAFF makes no warranties or representations with respect to the accuracy or completeness of that information and will bear no liability with respect to that information. Importers must satisfy quarantine concerns and comply with quarantine conditions applicable at the time of entry. The Commonwealth through DAFF is not liable for any costs arising from or associated with decisions of importers to import based on conditions presented here which are not current at the time of importation. It is the importers responsibility to verify the accuracy and completeness of the information at the time of importation.

It is the importers responsibility to identify and to ensure it has complied with, all requirements of any other regulatory and advisory bodies prior to and after importation including the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service, Therapeutic Goods Administration, Department of Health and Ageing, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority and any State agencies such as Departments of Agriculture and Health and Environmental Protection authorities.

Importers should note that this list is not exhaustive. Importers should also note that all foods imported into Australia must comply with the provisions of the Imported Food Control Act 1992 , an Act which is administered by DAFF.

Notification of the import must be provided to DAFF for all imported goods other than goods imported as accompanied baggage or goods imported via the mail and not prescribed under the Customs Act 1901. Notification must be consistent with Quarantine Regulations 2000 (examples include a Quarantine Entry or a Quarantine declaration).


Condition  C9106 Importation of Theobroma cacao (Cocoa) seed for all uses other than as animal foods, fertilisers or for growing purposes

These conditions apply to raw cocoa beans (Theobroma cacao), fermented cocoa beans, dried cocoa beans and cocoa beans imported in their seed pods.

Importers responsibilities

1. An Import Permit is not required.

2. Each consignment must be free of live insects and other quarantine risk material before arrival in Australia.

3. Any packaging used with the consignment must be clean and new.

4. In addition to the above, the following conditions apply to Full Container Load (FCL) consignments:

a) Containers, timber packaging, pallets, or dunnage will be subject to inspection and treatment on arrival, unless certified as having been treated by an DAFF-approved method. Refer to the DAFF publication Cargo Containers Quarantine aspects and procedures).

b) All FCL consignments must be accompanied by a Phytosanitary certificate and a cleanliness certificate (see condition C8690 for Khapra beetle countries and C8694 for Non-Khapra beetle countries).

5. All consignments are subject to inspection on arrival and treatment as necessary before release. Goods are to be inspected for the presence of cocoa pods, insects, contamination with soil, restricted and prohibited seeds.

Quarantine procedures

6. Consignments that meet the above conditions will be directed to a Quarantine Approved Premises (Class 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 or 2.2) for a full unpack and inspection.

7. All shipments of cocoa beans in their pods must be subjected to mandatory fumigation, either pre-shipment or on arrival in Australia, with methyl bromide at the rate of 32g/m3 for 3 hours at 21oC at NAP (T9032).

Note: Mandatory fumigation only applies to Cocoa beans imported in their seed pods.

If fumigation is carried out on arrival in Australia, the inspection as per point 6 above, must be carried out prior to the treatment. Consignments are to be inspected to ensure that the goods are packed in gas permeable bags and stowed to enable gas penetration and circulation.

Preshipment fumigation is acceptable provided the goods are accompanied by either an acceptable fumigation certificate or a Phytosanitary Certificate endorsed with the treatment details. On arrival the consignment must be inspected to ensure that the goods were packed in gas-permeable bags. If the goods are packaged in gas proof packaging the fumigation certificate or phytosanitary certificate, must state that the goods were fumigated prior to packaging.

8. Where khapra beetle is detected the consignment will be fumigated with methyl bromide at the khapra rate (T9056).

9. Where insects other than khapra beetle are detected the consignment will be treated with:

a)    methyl bromide (T9038 or T9074); or
b)    cold storage (T9600); or
c)    phosphine fumigation at 1.01.5g/m for 10 days at 15C25C; OR 1.01.5g/m for 7 days at ≥25C may be offered in consultation with regional OSP staff (T9086).

10.   Where soil, plant debris (excluding seed) or other contaminants of quarantine concern are detected, the consignment will be directed for:

a)    removal of soil, plant debris or contaminant at a Quarantine Approved Premises registered for cleaning seed (Class 4.4); or
b)    re-exportation; or
c)    destruction.

Note:  All consignments directed for cleaning at a Quarantine Approved Premises must have all residues including empty bags destroyed or treated using an DAFF approved treatment.

11. Where foreign seed is detected the consignment will be directed for one of the following:

a)   ISTA sampling and analysis at a Quarantine approved seed testing laboratory. The consignment must be held in quarantine pending results of the analysis. NOTE: If the contamination is permitted or within DAFF tolerance levels the consignment will be released from quarantine for non-QAP processing. If the contamination exceeds DAFF tolerance levels the consignment must be directed for one of the following:

b)    removal of the restricted or prohibited seed at a Quarantine Approved Premises registered for cleaning seed (Class 4.4); or
c)    heat treatment (T9568); or
d)    heat treatment (T9574); or
e)    manual removal of restricted or prohibited seed from small consignments, providing:
- the relevant DAFF region has available staff to supervise the removal of the restricted or prohibited seed; and
- the removal of the seed occurs at an appropriate Quarantine Approved Premises; and
- the importer provides the staff to remove the restricted or prohibited seed; and
- the restricted or prohibited seed is destroyed once it has been removed from the consignment; and
- the importer is responsible for covering all DAFF and related costs; or
f)    re-exportation; or
g)    destruction.

Note:  All consignments directed for cleaning at a Quarantine Approved Premises must have all residues including empty bags destroyed or treated using an DAFF approved treatment.

12. If the above conditions are met, the consignment can be released from quarantine.

 

Condition  C6977 Health status

Imported food safety requirements

1. Commercial consignments of imported food are monitored by DAFF to ensure that the food poses minimal risk to public health. It is the responsibility of the importer to ensure that all food they import complies with the requirements of the Australian Food Standards Code (FSC). The FSC is administered by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) and a copy of the FSC can be found on the FSANZ website.

2. The FSC no longer permits the treatment of food products with ethylene oxide.

3. The FSC prescribes the rates of gamma irradiation with which food products can be treated. In some cases, the treatment rates required for quarantine purposes are greater than those permitted by the FSC.

4. Additional information on imported food inspections is available under Importing food to Australia on the DAFF website.

5. Importers are advised to ensure proposed quarantine treatments comply with the relevant agencies requirements.

Condition  C8690 Agricultural Produce in FCL Containers from Khapra Beetle Countries

Agricultural Produce in FCL Containers from khapra beetle countries

In addition to the specified conditions, FCL (Full Container Load) consignments from khapra beetle countries require:

a) An official international Phytosanitary certificate for the agricultural produce immediately prior to loading with the added endorsements that it was free from khapra beetle (Trogodermagranarium Everts).

If the Phytosanitary certificate is issued after dispatch the date of inspection must be identified as an additional declaration.

b) Container cleanliness, packaging and dunnage certification as outlined in the Non-Commodity Information Requirements Policy.

 

Condition  C8694 Agricultural Produce in FCL Containers from Non-khapra Beetle Countries

Agricultural Produce in FCL Containers from non-khapra beetle countries

In addition to the specified conditions, FCL (Full Container Load) consignments from non-khapra beetle countries require:

a) An official international Phytosanitary certificate for the agricultural produce immediately prior to loading.

If the Phytosanitary certificate is issued after dispatch the date of inspection must be identified as an additional declaration.

b) Container cleanliness, packaging and dunnage certification as outlined in the Non-Commodity Information Requirements Policy.

Non-khapra countries are all countries excluding those listed in the DAFF khapra beetle country list

Entry Management  EM0184

Department of Agriculture minimum documentary requirements to support assessment of all documentation 

All documentation presented to the Department of Agriculture as part of the import process must meet the requirements of the Minimum Documentary Requirements Policy. These requirements include:

  1. Overarching Requirements (e.g. legible, in English, signed, dated, linked to the consignment);
  2. Document Format Requirements (e.g. as per nationally accepted practice and standards, or on company letterhead); and
  3. Prescribed Information Requirements (e.g. treatment certificates must include a description of the goods/packaging treated)

 

Entry Management  EM0185

DAFF information requirements to support assessment of non-commodity concerns associated with imported cargo

All documentation presented to DAFF to assist in determining the level of quarantine risk posed by transportation pathways and packaging must meet the requirements of the Non-Commodity Information Requirements Policy. These requirements address:

  1. Container cleanliness;
  2. Packaging concerns (e.g. presence of timber or prohibited packaging material); and
  3. Destination concerns (e.g. destined for a rural unpack location).

 

Entry Management  EM0201

Commodity Docs

Direction

AIMS Comments

Notes / QAP

Mandatory:

For FCL:

2) A valid phytosanitary certificate immediately prior to loading.  If exported from a khapra beetle country the certificate requires the endorsement that the product was inspected and was free from khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium

All Docs OK

All Cargo Types

QAP Class 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.2

Break Bulk - 21.1 (Initial break bulk cargo inspections only)

For Bulk product, EM processing officer to choose relevant inspection method as advised by agent/importer.

1) Documentation - Present all Documentation

 

2) Relevant Inspection Direction
a) FCL -
i)Bulk
Inspect - Tailgate OR
Inspect - (Hold Seals Intact)
ii)Bagged
Inspect (unpack)
b) LCL - LCL Inspection
c) Airfreight - Air Freight Inspection
d) Break Bulk - Break Bulk Inspection

Standard Comments for Inspection Direction
Cocoa beans ex <country of export> to be inspected for live insects and other quarantine risk material

Bagged Product, as above plus
Ensure bags are new and clean

 

All Docs NOT OK

All Cargo Types

Inspection at a Class 1.1 QAP only

For Bulk product, EM processing officer to choose relevant inspection method as advised by agent/importer.

1) Documentation - Present all Documentation.

Standard Comments Documentation Direction
Present all documentation for green cocoa beans ex <country of export> as per ICON to DAFF

Additional Direction Comments
Alternatively the goods may be re-exported or destroyed at importers expense

 

Treatment  T9032 Methyl bromide:

Methyl bromide

The Methyl Bromide rate required is 32g/m for 3 hours at 21C and above at Normal Atmospheric Pressure (NAP).

For each 5C (or part of 5C) the temperature is expected to fall below 21C, 8g/m must be added to the dosage rate, unless otherwise specified by DAFF. It is the minimum temperature during the course of the fumigation that is to be used for the calculation of the dose.

Methyl Bromide fumigation for quarantine purposes is not permitted if the ambient minimum temperature falls below 10C.

DAFF does not allow dosage compensation where the ambient temperature is above 21C or below 10C.

DAFF Methyl Bromide Standard

 

Treatment  T9086 Phosphine:

Phosphine

 

NOTE: Grain and seed for human consumption and plant based animal feed may only be treated with phosphine under the direction of DAFF Operational Science Program.

1.0 - 1.5 g/m3 for 10 days at temperatures between 15oC - 25oC.

1.0 - 1.5 g/m3 for 7 days at temperatures above 25oC.

At the completion of the fumigation, the phosphine concentration must be at least 0.1 g/m3.

Phosphine should not be used at 15oC, or below.

Aluminium phosphide is available as tablets, pellets or sachets.

1g of phosphine = 1 tablet = 5 pellets = 1/11 sachet.

Commercial formulations include Phostoxin and Gastoxin.

 

Treatment  T9056 Methyl bromide:

Methyl bromide -Khapra beetle rate

The Methyl Bromide rate required is 80g/m for 48 hours at 21C and above at Normal Atmospheric Pressure (NAP) with an end point concentration at 48 hours of 20g/m.

Note: The fumigation must undergo a monitor at 24 hours to ensure a minimum concentration of 24g/m.

For each 5C (or part of 5C) the temperature is expected to fall below 21C, 8g/m must be added to the dosage rate, unless otherwise specified by DAFF. It is the minimum temperature during the course of the fumigation that is to be used for the calculation of the dose.

Methyl Bromide fumigation for quarantine purposes is not permitted if the ambient minimum temperature falls below 10C.

DAFF does not allow dosage compensation where the ambient temperature is above 21C or below 10C.

DAFF Methyl Bromide Standard

 

Treatment  T9038 Methyl bromide:

Methyl bromide

The Methyl Bromide rate required is 32g/m for 24 hours at 21C and above at Normal Atmospheric Pressure (NAP).

For each 5C (or part of 5C) the temperature is expected to fall below 21C, 8g/m must be added to the dosage rate, unless otherwise specified by DAFF. It is the minimum temperature during the course of the fumigation that is to be used for the calculation of the dose.

Methyl Bromide fumigation for quarantine purposes is not permitted if the ambient minimum temperature falls below 10C.

DAFF does not allow dosage compensation where the ambient temperature is above 21C or below 10C.

DAFF Methyl Bromide Standard

 

Treatment  T9074 Methyl bromide:

Methyl bromide

The Methyl Bromide rate required is 64g/m for 2 hours at 21C and above with a minimum concentration of 32g/m under vacuum (660mm vacuum).

For each 5C (or part of 5C) the temperature is expected to fall below 21C, 8g/m must be added to the dosage rate, unless otherwise specified by DAFF. It is the minimum temperature during the course of the fumigation that is to be used for the calculation of the dose.

Methyl Bromide fumigation for quarantine purposes is not permitted if the ambient minimum temperature falls below 10C.

DAFF does not allow dosage compensation where the ambient temperature is above 21C or below 10C.

DAFF Methyl Bromide Standard

 

Treatment  T9600 Cold storage:

Cold storage

Store at -18C for 7 consecutive days starting when the core temperature of the consignment reaches -18C. A core temperature of -18C must be maintained over 7 consecutive days.

Treatment  T9568 Hot moist air:

Hot moist air

At not less than 85oC for not less than 48 hours (50% relative humidity) once the core temperature has been reached.

NOTE: Prior to moist heat treatment, all bags/packaging impervious to moisture must be opened or adequately punctured to allow moist heat penetration.

Caution: Some products may smoulder, ignite or be damaged by this treatment. The importer should consider the potential effects when deciding on treatment options.

 

Treatment  T9574 Hot moist air:

Hot moist air

At not less than 95oC for not less than 24 hours (50% relative humidity) once the core temperature has been reached.

NOTE: Prior to moist heat treatment, all bags/packaging impervious to moisture must be opened or adequately punctured to allow moist heat penetration.

Caution: Some products may smoulder, ignite or be damaged by this treatment. The importer should consider the potential effects when deciding on treatment options.

 


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